A recent show at the San Jose Museum of Art [July-October 2001] introduced me to the paintings of James Doolin where his work was hung with the work of painter Chester Arnold. The pairing was an inspired one. Both are exceptional painters addressing related issues.
Doolin came to Los Angeles in the mid-sixties from the Eastern U.S. and the shock of the transition left him "stunned, awed, and horrified." What he found was a landscape "at once
I imagine this experience is not uncommon. The landscape of the eastern United States, much of which lies within a mountainous belt running down through New England into the deep south—a landscape green, lush and relatively close, and one with a well-defined cycle of seasons—is utterly unlike the landscape of Southern California and the southwest in general. No doubt, many of the thousands who moved west to Southern California traveled by car or truck, probably along route 66. That's how it worked when, at the age of 12, my family moved to the greater Los Angeles area from the Appalachians of West Virginia.
After days of driving across the U.S. in mid-summer, one enters the promised state at Needles, typically roasting at about 110 degrees. Welcome to California! Pushing on through the Mojave Desert in the shimmering heat, one reaches Barstow where—for the emigrant from the green—dismay can turn into something worse.
By the time one is within striking distance of LA, it gets a bit better, but I often describe my own experience of coming to LA as a 12 -year-old as feeling like I'd arrived in some kind of hell.
Doolin was not a child when he arrived in Los Angeles and his own shock had to be more tempered than mine, though perhaps not fundamentally different. But, as may be true of many transplants to Los Angeles, eventually one gets adjusted.
In 1992 he writes, "After many years of observing, and then laboring, through the process of putting together many hundreds of pictures of this extraordinary landscape, I find that I no longer hate it. I find it to be a rich source of exotic, paintable forms, full of ideas about our culture and art." 3
In reading Doolin’s writings about his
impression that he’s given a lot of thought to artificiality and simulation, perhaps especially to "a kind of artificiality that is not the accidental result of substitution or mechanical fabrication, but based in conscious simulation and deception."4 And it’s hard not to think, what better place than Los Angeles for an on-going study of such things?
By some measures, the hallmark of postmodernism is the outright affirmation of artificiality and simulation. To this, one might contrast an earlier attitude, the affirmation of authenticity, which we could say came along with modernism. Such simplification overlooks a lot for the sake of brevity, but in these terms, it’s clear that Doolin's is a voice of authenticity calling on us to ponder where a culture, pumping out ever greater doses of illusion, leads.
Focusing on just one aspect of this—although a fundamental one—Doolin observes that it’s "one step to import water to create an artificial oasis, and another to pretend that the oasis is natural. The final step is to enlarge the scale so that there is nothing but oasis as far as one can see, cutting off all awareness of another reality."5
Given such concerns, one might wonder why Doolin’s paintings are so beautiful. But does that question mean that one’s focus has become too narrow? Yes, there’s the deep concern about all that's wrong, but even deeper is the mystery of being here at all. There's something awesome in the network of freeways, streets and parking lots that cover thousands of square miles of the earth of Los Angeles.
To see this in a certain light is to behold something else than simply a world out of balance. The strangeness of it exists right along with, at times, an awesome beauty. Perhaps it's precisely in their beauty that some of Doolin's paintings approach the impersonal. Yet these works lose none of their ominous resonance which, in lesser works, might not reach beyond the merely polemic. In this they have the power to touch us in a deeper way. — Richard Whittaker
1. James Doolin, "Art and Artificiality: Southern California" Architecture California
V. 14, no. 2, Nov. 1992 p.9
2. ibid., p. 9
3. ibid., p. 12
4. ibid., p. 10
5. ibid., p. 12